Moment of inertia of a cylinder of mass M and length L and radius R about an axis passing through its centre and perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder is I = M \left ( \frac{R^{2}}{4}+\frac{L^{2}}{12} \right ) If such a cylinder is to be make for given mass of a material, the ratio \frac{L}{R} for it to have minimum possible I is
Option: 1 \frac{2}{3}
 
Option: 2 \frac{3}{2}
Option: 3 \sqrt{\frac{2}{3}}  
Option: 4 \sqrt{\frac{3}{2}}

Answers (1)

I=m\left[\frac{R^{2}}{4}+\frac{L^{2}}{12}\right]

Given,

M = \rho (\pi R^2 L)

So,

I=M\left[\frac{R^2}{4 }+\frac{M^{2}}{12(\rho \ \pi R^2)^2)}\right] \\ \\ \text{For minimum I} -

\frac{dI}{dR} = 0 \\ \\ \Rightarrow M[\frac{2R}{4} + \frac{-4M^2}{12 \rho^2 \pi^2R^5}] = 0 \\ \\ R = (2/3)^{1/6} \times (\frac{M}{\rho \pi })^{1/3} \dots(1)

L = \frac{M}{\rho \pi (\frac{2}{3})^{1/3} (\frac{M}{\rho \pi})^{2/3}} \dots(2)

So, (2) divided by (1) will give

\frac{L}{R} = \sqrt{\frac{3}{2}}

Most Viewed Questions

Preparation Products

Knockout JEE Main (Six Month Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 9999/- ₹ 8499/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main (Nine Month Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 13999/- ₹ 12499/-
Buy Now
Test Series JEE Main 2024

Chapter/Subject/Full Mock Tests for JEE Main, Personalized Performance Report, Weakness Sheet, Complete Answer Key,.

₹ 7999/- ₹ 4999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main (One Month Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 7999/- ₹ 4999/-
Buy Now
Knockout JEE Main (Twelve Months Subscription)

- AI Coach Study Modules, - Unlimited Mock Tests, - Study Improvement Plan.

₹ 19999/- ₹ 14499/-
Buy Now
Boost your Preparation for JEE Main 2021 with Personlized Coaching
 
Exams
Articles
Questions