The following system of linear equations  7x+6y-2z=0 3x+4+2z=0 x-2y-6z=0, has 
Option: 1 infinitely many solutions, (x,y,z) satisfying y=2z.
Option: 2 infinitely many solutions, (x,y,z) satisfying x=2z.
Option: 3 no solution
Option: 4 only the trivial solution. 
 

Answers (1)

 

 

System of Homogeneous linear equations -

\\\mathrm{Let,} \\\mathrm{a_1x+b_1y +c_1z=0\;\;\; ...(i)} \\\mathrm{a_2x+b_2y +c_2z=0\;\;\; ...(ii)} \\\mathrm{a_3x+b_3y +c_3z=0\;\;\; ...(iii)} \\\mathrm{be \; three\; homogeneous\; equation} \\\mathrm{and \; let\; \Delta = \begin{vmatrix} a_1 & b_1 & c_1\\ a_2 & b_2 & c_2\\ a_3 & b_3 & c_3 \end{vmatrix}}

 

If ? ≠ 0, then x= 0, y = 0, z = 0 is the only solution of the above system. This solution is also known as a trivial solution.

If ? = 0, at least one of x, y and z are non-zero. This solution is called a non-trivial solution.

Explanation: using equation (ii) and (iii), we have 

 

\\\mathrm{\frac{x}{b_2c_3-b_3c_2} = \frac{y}{c_2a_3-c_3a_2}=\frac{z}{a_2b_3-a_3b_2}} \\\\\mathrm{or \;\; \frac{x}{\begin{vmatrix} b_2 &c_2 \\ b_3 & c_3 \end{vmatrix}}=\frac{y}{\begin{vmatrix} c_2 &a_2 \\ c_3 & a_3 \end{vmatrix}} = \frac{z}{\begin{vmatrix} a_2 & b_2\\ a_3 & b_3 \end{vmatrix}} = k (say \neq 0)} \\\mathrm{\therefore x = k\begin{vmatrix} b_2 &c_2 \\ b_3 & c_3 \end{vmatrix}, y = k\begin{vmatrix} c_2& a_2\\ c_3 & a_3 \end{vmatrix} \; and \; z = k\begin{vmatrix} a_2 & b_2\\ a_3 & b_3 \end{vmatrix}} \\\mathrm{putting\; these\; value\; in \; equation \; (i), we\; have} \\\mathrm{a_1\left \{ k\begin{vmatrix} b_2 & c_2\\ b_3 & c_3 \end{vmatrix} \right \}+b_1\left \{ k\begin{vmatrix} c_2 & a_2\\ c_3 & a_3 \end{vmatrix} \right \}+c_1\left \{ \begin{vmatrix} a_2 & b_2\\ a_3 & b_3 \end{vmatrix} \right \}=0}

 

\\\mathrm{\Rightarrow a_1\begin{vmatrix} b_2 &c_2 \\ b_3 & c_2 \end{vmatrix}-b_1\begin{vmatrix} a_2 & c_2\\ a_3 &c_3 \end{vmatrix}+c_1\begin{vmatrix} a_2 &b_2 \\ a_3 &b_3 \end{vmatrix} = 0 \;\;\;[\because \; k \neq 0]} \\\mathrm{or \;\; \begin{vmatrix} a_1 & b_1 & c_1\\ a_2 & b_2 & c_2\\ a_3 & b_3 & c_3 \end{vmatrix} = 0 \; or \; \Delta = 0}

This is the condition for a system have Non-trivial solution.

-

 

 

\begin{aligned} &(1)\;\;7 x+6 y-2 z=0\\ &(2)\;\;3 x+4 y+2 z=0\\ &(3)\;\;x-2 y-6 z=0 \end{aligned}

\left|\begin{array}{ccc}{7} & {6} & {-2} \\ {3} & {4} & {2} \\ {1} & {-2} & {-6}\end{array}\right| =7(-20)-6(-20)-2(-10)=-140+120+20=0

so infinite non-trivial solution exist

now equation (1) + 3 equation (3)

10x - 20z = 0

x = 2z

Correct Option 2

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