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Assertion: Desert fauna and flora have adapted to the extreme climate of their natural habitat.

Reason: Deserts are terrestrial biomes, and their climate is incredibly wet.

Option: 1

Both the ‌assertion ‌and reason are true and the reason correctly explains ‌the‌ ‌assertion‌.

Option: 2

Both ‌the assertion ‌and reason are true but ‌the reason does not correctly explain ‌the‌ ‌assertion‌.

Option: 3

The‌ ‌assertion‌ ‌is‌ ‌true‌ ‌but‌ ‌the‌ ‌reason‌‌ is false.

Option: 4

 Both‌ ‌assertion‌ and‌ ‌‌reason‌ ‌are‌ ‌false‌.

Answers (1)

  • Terrestrial biomes known as deserts are characterized by an incredibly dry environment. 
  • Desert animals and vegetation have evolved in different ways to live in these harsh conditions.
  • To retain water and carry out photosynthesis, desert plants like cactus (Opuntia) have enlarged fleshy stems (phylloclade). To preserve water, desert animals like camels sweat and urinate less frequently.
  • Option 3 is the correct answer. 
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