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Based on his observations during the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, which of the following conclusions did Charles Darwin draw about evolution?


Option: 1

All living organisms were created as they are now.

Option: 2

The diversity of living organisms has remained constant since creation.

Option: 3

Life forms share similarities with those that existed millions of years ago.


Option: 4

Evolution occurs rapidly and suddenly.

Answers (1)


During his voyage on H.M.S. Beagle, Charles Darwin observed a wide variety of living organisms and collected a vast amount of data. His observations led him to conclude that existing living forms share similarities with life forms that existed millions of years ago, and that there has been a gradual evolution of life forms over time. Darwin also observed that populations have built-in variations in characteristics that enable some individuals to survive better in natural conditions, which leads to natural selection. These conclusions are the foundation of the theory of evolution by natural selection, which is widely accepted in the scientific community today.Hence, option 3 is the correct answer.

 Option 1 and 2 are incorrect as they refer to the theory of special creation which Darwin refuted through his observations. 

Option 4 is incorrect as Darwin's theory of evolution describes gradual change over long periods of time, not sudden and rapid change.


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