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Given below are two statements : one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): Polymerase chain reaction is used in DNA amplification
Reason (R): The ampicillin resistant gene is used as a selectable marker to check transformation In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below :

Option: 1

Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

Option: 2

(A) is correct but (R) is not correct

Option: 3

(A) is not correct but (R) is correct


Option: 4

Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

Answers (1)


\rightarrowPCR stands for Polymerase Chain Reaction. In this reaction, multiple copies of the gene (or DNA) of interest is synthesized in irtro using two sets of primers and the enzyme DNA polymerase.

In this reaction, each cycle has 3 steps:-

i) Denaturation

ii) Primer annealing

iii) Extension of primers.

\rightarrow Selectable markers help in identifying and eliminating non-transformants and selectively permitting the Growth of the transformants.

Transformation is a procedure through which a piece of DNA is in introduced in a host bacterium.

The genes encoding resistance to antibiotics are Ampallang, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, Kanamycin, etc.

Hence, the correct option is an option (a).

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