Which one of the following correctly explains the function of a specific part of a human nephron?

  • Option 1)

    Podocytes: create minute spaces (slite pores) for the filtration of blood into the Bowman;s capsule

  • Option 2)

    Henle's loop: most reabsorption of the major substances from the glomerular filtrate

  • Option 3)

    Distal convoluted tubule: reabsorption of K^{+} ions into the surrounding blood capillaries

  • Option 4)

    Afferent arteriole: carries the blood away from the glomerular towards renal vein

 

Answers (1)

 

Glomerular filtration -

The glomerular capillary blood pressure causes filtration of blood through 3 layers, i.e

- wherein

The endothelium of glomerular blood vessels, the epithelium of Bowman’s capsule and a basement membrane between these two layers. The epithelial cells of Bowman’s capsule called podocytes are arranged in an intricate manner so as to leave some minute spaces called filtration slits or slit pores.

 

 


Option 1)

Podocytes: create minute spaces (slite pores) for the filtration of blood into the Bowman;s capsule

Correct

Option 2)

Henle's loop: most reabsorption of the major substances from the glomerular filtrate

Incorrect

Option 3)

Distal convoluted tubule: reabsorption of K^{+} ions into the surrounding blood capillaries

Incorrect

Option 4)

Afferent arteriole: carries the blood away from the glomerular towards renal vein

Incorrect

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