Among the following sets of examples for divergent evolution , select the incorrect option :

  • Option 1)

    Brain of bat , man and cheetah

  • Option 2)

    Heart of bat , man and cheetah

  • Option 3)

    Forelimbs of bat , man and cheetah

  • Option 4)

    Eye of octopus , bat and man

 

Answers (2)
N neha
D Divya Saini

As we learnt in

Types of organic evolution -

  1. Divergent Evolution
  2. Co-Evaluation
  3. Progressive
  4. Microevolution
  5. Macroevolution
  6. Mega evolution
  7. Parallel evolution
  8. Convergent evolution

- wherein

 

 

 

Convergent or parallel evolution -

Different geographical areas exhibiting similar groups of plants and animals with strikingly similar appearance is called convergent or parallel evolution.

- wherein

These organisms may be distantly related.

 

Divergent evolution occurs in the same structure, example - forelimbs, heart, brain of vertebrates which have developed along different directions due to adaptation to different needs whereas eye of octopus, bat and man are examples of analogous organs showing convergent evolution.

 


Option 1)

Brain of bat , man and cheetah

This is incorrect.

Option 2)

Heart of bat , man and cheetah

This is incorrect.

Option 3)

Forelimbs of bat , man and cheetah

This is incorrect.

Option 4)

Eye of octopus , bat and man

This is correct.

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