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Which enzyme is responsible for the decomposition of urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide?

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 urease is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide. Urea is a waste product that is excreted by animals and humans through urine. Urease is found in various microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, as well as in some plants

The enzyme urease has a specific active site that can bind to urea molecules. Once the urea molecule binds to the active site, the enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of the urea molecule into ammonia and carbon dioxide. The ammonia and carbon dioxide produced can be used by the organism or excreted as waste. 

This enzyme is widely used in various industries, such as agriculture, food processing, and waste management, as it can convert urea into ammonia, which is a valuable source of nitrogen for plants. In addition, urease inhibitors are also used in medicine to treat certain medical conditions, such as Helicobacter pylori infections and kidney stones.

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