6. Derive the formula for the curved surface area and total surface area of the frustum of a cone, given to you in Section 13.5, using the symbols as explained.

Answers (1)

In the case of the frustum, we can consider:- removing a smaller cone (upper part) from a larger cone.

So the CSA of frustum becomes:-    CSA of bigger cone   -   CSA of the smaller cone

                                                  \\=\ \pi r_1l_1\ -\ \pi r_2 (l_1\ -\ l)\\\\=\ \pi r_1\left ( \frac{lr_1}{r_1\ -\ r_2} \right )\ -\ \pi r_2\left ( \frac{r_1l}{r_1\ -\ r_2}\ -\ l \right )\\\\=\ \left ( \frac{\pi r_1^2 l}{r_1\ -\ r_2} \right )\ -\ \left ( \frac{\pi r_2^2 l}{r_1\ -\ r_2} \right )\\\\=\ \pi l\left ( \frac{r_1^2\ -\ r_2^2}{r_1\ -\ r_2} \right )\\\\=\ \pi l\left ( r_1\ +\ r_2 \right )

And the total surface area of the frustum is  =  CSA of frustum +  Area of upper circle and area of lower circle.

                                                               =\ \pi l\left ( r_1\ +\ r_2 \right )\ +\ \pi r_1^2\ +\ \pi r_2^2

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