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Describe the process of neutralisation with the help of an example.

5. Describe the process of neutralisation with the help of an example.

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The reaction between an acid and a base is known as neutralization reaction. In such type of reactions, acid and base reacts with each other and cancel out each other's effect and formation of salt and water takes place and energy in the form of heat is evolved.

Acid + Base \rightarrow Salt + Water + Heat

For eg.
Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) reacts with hydrochloric acid  (HCI) to give sodium chloride (NaCl)  and water(H_20)with evo of some heat..

NaOH + HCl \rightarrow NaCl +H_2O+Heat

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