# 4.  Find the mean deviation about the median.    $\small 36, 72, 46, 42, 60, 45, 53, 46, 51, 49$

Number of observations, n = 10, which is even.

Arranging the values in ascending order:

36, 42, 45, 46, 46, 49, 51, 53, 60, 72

Now, Median (M)

$\\ = \frac{(\frac{10}{2})^{th} observation + (\frac{10}{2}+ 1)^{th} observation}{2} \\ = \frac{46 + 49}{2} = \frac{95}{2}= 47.5$

The respective absolute values of the deviations from median, $|x_i - M|$ are

11.5, 5.5, 2.5, 1.5, 1.5, 1.5, 3.5, 5.5, 12.5, 24.5

$\therefore$  $\sum_{i=1}^{8}|x_i - 47.5| = 70$

$\therefore$ $M.D.(M) = \frac{1}{10}\sum_{i=1}^{n}|x_i - M|$

$= \frac{70}{10} = 7$

Hence, the mean deviation about the median is 7.

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