21(i)  Find the sum of the following series up to n terms:               $5 + 55+ 555 + ....$

S seema garhwal

$5 + 55+ 555 + ....$ is not a GP.

It can be changed in GP by writing terms as

$S_n=5 + 55+ 555 + ....$ to n terms

$S_n=\frac{5}{9}[9+99+999+9999+................]$

$S_n=\frac{5}{9}[(10-1)+(10^2-1)+(10^3-1)+(10^4-1)+................]$

$S_n=\frac{5}{9}[(10+10^2+10^3+........)-(1+1+1.....................)]$

$S_n=\frac{5}{9}[\frac{10(10^n-1)}{10-1}-(n)]$

$S_n=\frac{5}{9}[\frac{10(10^n-1)}{9}-(n)]$

$S_n=\frac{50}{81}[(10^n-1)]-\frac{5n}{9}$

Thus, the sum is

$S_n=\frac{50}{81}[(10^n-1)]-\frac{5n}{9}$

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