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# Formulate the following problems as a pair of equations, and hence find their solutions: (i) Ritu can row downstream 20 km in 2 hours, and upstream 4 km in 2 hours. Find her speed of rowing in still water and the speed of the current.

Q2.    Formulate the following problems as a pair of equations, and hence find their solutions:
(i) Ritu can row downstream 20 km in 2 hours, and upstream 4 km in 2 hours. Find her speed of rowing in still water and the speed of the current.

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Let the speed of Ritu in still water be x and speed of current be y,

Let's solve this problem by using relative motion concept,

the relative speed when they are going in the same direction (downstream)= x +y

the relative speed when they are going in the opposite direction (upstream)= x - y

Now, As we know,

Relative distance = Relative speed * time .

So, According to the question,

And,

Now, Adding (1) and (2), we get

Putting this in (2)

Hence,

Hence Speed of Ritu in still water is 6 km/hour and speed of the current is 4 km/hour

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