# Q13.14 Given below are densities of some solids and liquids. Give rough estimates of the size of their atoms : Substance Atomic Mass (u) Density (103 Kg m3) Carbon (diamond) 12.01 2.22 Gold 197 19.32 Nitrogen (liquid) 14.01 1 Lithium 6.94 0.53 Fluorine 19 1.14

Let one mole of a  substance of atomic radius r and density $\rho$ have molar mass M

Let us assume the atoms to be spherical

Avogadro's number is $N_{A}=6.022\times 10^{23}$

$\\N_{A}\frac{4}{3}\pi r^{3}\rho =M\\ r=\left ( \frac{3M}{4N_{A}\pi \rho } \right )^{\frac{1}{3}}$

For Carbon

$\\N_{A}\frac{4}{3}\pi r^{3}\rho =M\\ r=\left ( \frac{3\times 12.01}{4\times 6.022\times 10^{23}\times \pi\times 2.22\times 10^{3} } \right )^{\frac{1}{3}}\\ r=1.29\AA$

For gold

$\\N_{A}\frac{4}{3}\pi r^{3}\rho =M\\ r=\left ( \frac{3\times 197.00}{4\times 6.022\times 10^{23}\times \pi\times 19.32\times 10^{3} } \right )^{\frac{1}{3}}\\ r=1.59\AA$

For Nitrogen

$\\N_{A}\frac{4}{3}\pi r^{3}\rho =M\\ r=\left ( \frac{3\times 14.01}{4\times 6.022\times 10^{23}\times \pi\times 1.00\times 10^{3} } \right )^{\frac{1}{3}}\\ r=1.77\AA$

For Lithium

$\\N_{A}\frac{4}{3}\pi r^{3}\rho =M\\ r=\left ( \frac{3\times 6.94}{4\times 6.022\times 10^{23}\times \pi\times 0.53\times 10^{3} } \right )^{\frac{1}{3}}\\ r=1.73\AA$

For Fluorine

$\\N_{A}\frac{4}{3}\pi r^{3}\rho =M\\ r=\left ( \frac{3\times19.00}{4\times 6.022\times 10^{23}\times \pi\times 1.14\times 10^{3} } \right )^{\frac{1}{3}}\\ r=1.88\AA$

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