# Q: 20         If   $\small \left ( \frac{1+i}{1-i} \right )^m=1,$   then find the least positive integral value of $\small m$.

Let
$z = \left ( \frac{1+i}{1-i} \right )^m$
Now, multiply both numerator and denominator by $(1+i)$
We will get,
$z = \left ( \frac{1+i}{1-i}\times \frac{1+i}{1+i} \right )^m$
$= \left ( \frac{(1+i)^2}{1^2-i^2} \right )^m$
$= \left ( \frac{1^2+i^2+2i}{1+1} \right )^m$
$= \left ( \frac{1-1+2i}{2} \right )^m$                                        $(\because i^2 = -1)$
$= \left ( \frac{2i}{2} \right )^m$
$= i^m$
We know that $i^4 = 1$
Therefore, the least positive integral value of $\small m$  is 4

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