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# If sum of the perpendicular distances of a variable point P (x, y) from the lines x + y – 5 = 0 and 3x – 2y +7 = 0 is always 10. Show that P must move on a line.

Q: 20    If the sum of the perpendicular distances of a variable point  $\small P(x,y)$  from the lines  $\small x+y-5=0$  and  $\small 3x-2y+7=0$  is always  $\small 10$.  Show that  $\small P$  must move on a line.

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Given the equation of line are
$x+y-5=0 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(i)$
$3x-2y+7=0 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(ii)$
Now, perpendicular distances of a variable point  $\small P(x,y)$  from the lines are

$d_1=\left | \frac{1.x+1.y-5}{\sqrt{1^2+1^2}} \right |$                                      $d_2=\left | \frac{3.x-2.y+7}{\sqrt{3^2+2^2}} \right |$
$d_1=\left | \frac{x+y-5}{\sqrt2} \right |$                                               $d_2=\left | \frac{3x-2y+7}{\sqrt{13}} \right |$
Now, it is given that
$d_1+d_2= 10$
Therefore,
$\frac{x+y-5}{\sqrt2}+\frac{3x-2y+7}{\sqrt{13}}=10$
$(assuming \ x+y-5 > 0 \ and \ 3x-2y+7 >0)$
$(x+y-5)\sqrt{13}+(3x-2y+7)\sqrt2=10\sqrt{26}$

$x(\sqrt{13}+3\sqrt{2})+y(\sqrt{13}-2\sqrt{2})=10\sqrt{26}+5\sqrt{13}-7\sqrt2$

Which is the equation of the line
Hence proved

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