Q

# In the following APs, find the missing terms in the boxes : (v) box, 38, box, box, box, -22

Q : 3      In the following APs, find the missing terms in the boxes :

(v)    $\small \fbox { },\: 38,\; \fbox { },\: \fbox { },\: \fbox { },\; -22$

Views

Given AP series is
$\small \fbox { },\: 38,\; \fbox { },\: \fbox { },\: \fbox { },\; -22$
Here, $a_2 = 38 , n = 6 \ and \ a_6 = -22$
Now,
$a_2=a_1+d$
$a_1=a =38-d \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ -(i)$
Now, we know that
$a_n = a+(n-1)d$
$\Rightarrow a_6 =38-d+(6-1)d \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (using \ (i))$
$\Rightarrow -22-38-=-d+5d$
$\Rightarrow d = -\frac{60}{4} = - 15$
Now,
$a_2= a_1+d$
$a_1 = 38-(-15) = 38+15 = 53$
And
$a_3=a_2+d$
$a_3=38-15 = 23$
And
$a_4 = a_3+d$
$a_4 = 23-15 = 8$
And
$a_5 = a_4 + d$
$a_5 =8-15 = -7$
Therefore, missing terms are   53,23,8,-7
AP series is 53,38,23,8,-7,-22

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