# Q 2.32: It is a well known fact that during a total solar eclipse the disk of the moon almost completely covers the disk of the Sun. From this fact and from the information you can gather from examples 2.3 and 2.4, determine the approximate diameter of the moon.

From examples 2.3 and 2.4, we have,

Diameter of the Earth =
Distance between the Moon and the Earth, =

Distance between the Sun and the Earth,  =

Diameter of the Sun,  =

Let, Diameter of the Moon be

Now, During Solar eclipse, the angle subtended by Sun's diameter on Earth = angle subtended by moon's diameter

Therefore, the diameter of the moon =

The position of the Sun, Moon, and Earth during a lunar eclipse is shown in the given figure.

Distance of the Moon from the Earth = 3.84 × 108 m

Distance of the Sun from the Earth = 1.496 × 1011 m

Diameter of the Sun = 1.39 × 109 m

It can be observed that ΔTRS and ΔTPQ are similar. Hence, it can be written as:

Hence, the diameter of the Moon is 3.57× 106 m.

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