# Q: 23     Prove that the product of the lengths of the perpendiculars drawn from the points $\small (\sqrt{a^2-b^2},0)$ and  $\small (-\sqrt{a^2-b^2},0)$  to the line  $\small \frac{x}{a}\cos \theta +\frac{y}{b}\sin \theta =1$   is $\small b^2$.

Answers (1)

Given equation id line is
$\small \frac{x}{a}\cos \theta +\frac{y}{b}\sin \theta =1$
We can rewrite it as
$xb\cos \theta +ya\sin \theta =ab$
Now, the distance of the line $xb\cos \theta +ya\sin \theta =ab$  from the point  $\small (\sqrt{a^2-b^2},0)$  is given by
$d_1=\left | \frac{b\cos\theta.\sqrt{a^2-b^2}+a\sin \theta.0-ab}{\sqrt{(b\cos\theta)^2+(a\sin\theta)^2}} \right | = \left | \frac{b\cos\theta.\sqrt{a^2-b^2}-ab}{\sqrt{(b\cos\theta)^2+(a\sin\theta)^2}} \right |$
Similarly,
The distance of the line $xb\cos \theta +ya\sin \theta =ab$  from the point  $\small (-\sqrt{a^2-b^2},0)$  is given by
$d_2=\left | \frac{b\cos\theta.(-\sqrt{a^2-b^2})+a\sin \theta.0-ab}{\sqrt{(b\cos\theta)^2+(a\sin\theta)^2}} \right | = \left | \frac{-(b\cos\theta.\sqrt{a^2-b^2}+ab)}{\sqrt{(b\cos\theta)^2+(a\sin\theta)^2}} \right |$
$d_1.d_2 = \left | \frac{b\cos\theta.\sqrt{a^2-b^2}-ab}{\sqrt{(b\cos\theta)^2+(a\sin\theta)^2}} \right |.\times\left | \frac{-(b\cos\theta.\sqrt{a^2-b^2}+ab)}{\sqrt{(b\cos\theta)^2+(a\sin\theta)^2}} \right |$
$=\left | \frac{-((b\cos\theta.\sqrt{a^2-b^2})^2-(ab)^2)}{(b\cos\theta)^2+(a\sin\theta)^2} \right |$
$=\left | \frac{-b^2\cos^2\theta.(a^2-b^2)+a^2b^2)}{(b\cos\theta)^2+(a\sin\theta)^2} \right |$
$=\left | \frac{-a^2b^2\cos^2\theta+b^4\cos^2\theta+a^2b^2)}{b^2\cos^2\theta+a^2\sin^2\theta} \right |$
$=\left | \frac{-b^2(a^2\cos^2\theta-b^2\cos^2\theta-a^2)}{b^2\cos^2\theta+a^2\sin^2\theta} \right |$
$=\left | \frac{-b^2(a^2\cos^2\theta-b^2\cos^2\theta-a^2(\sin^2\theta+\cos^2\theta))}{b^2\cos^2\theta+a^2\sin^2\theta} \right | \ \ \ \ (\because \sin^2a+\cos^2a=1)$
$=\left | \frac{-b^2(a^2\cos^2\theta-b^2\cos^2\theta-a^2\sin^2\theta-a^2\cos^2\theta)}{b^2\cos^2\theta+a^2\sin^2\theta} \right |$
$=\left | \frac{+b^2(b^2\cos^2\theta+a^2\sin^2\theta)}{b^2\cos^2\theta+a^2\sin^2\theta} \right |$
$=b^2$
Hence  proved

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