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State the location and function of different types of meristems.

1. State the location and function of different types of meristems.

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S Sonika

Meristem refers to the simple tissue composed of a group of similar and immature cells which can divide and form new cells. ON the basis of position, there can be three types of meristem including apical meristem, intercalary meristem and lateral meristem. The location and function of these meristems are as follows:

 

Type of meristem   Location of meristem Function of meristem

Apical meristem

It occurs at the tips of roots and shoots It increases the length of plants

Intercalary meristem 

It occurs between mature tissues especially in grasses

Intercalary meristem aids in the regeneration of grasses after they have been grazed by herbivores

Lateral meristem

It occurs on the sides of mature tissues of roots and shoots It causes an increase in the girth of plants

 

 

 

 

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