Hybridisation which can be defined as the process of intermixing of the orbitals of slightly different energies so as to redistribute their energies, resulting in the formation of a new set of orbitals of equivalent energies and shape.
The shapes of , , hybrid orbitals are shown:
hybrid orbital: It is linear in shape and formed by intermixing of s and p orbitals.
hybrid orbital: It is the trigonal planar shape and is formed by the intermixing of one s-orbital and two 2p-orbitals.
hybrid orbital: It is tetrahedron in shape and is formed by the intermixing of one s-orbital and three p-orbitals.