12.30. Why is a solution of potassium hydroxide used to absorb carbon dioxide evolves during the estimation of carbon present in an organic compound?
Carbon dioxide is acidic in nature and is a strong base. Thus, carbon dioxide reacts with the potassium hydroxide by acid-base reaction and form a salt known as potassium carbonate and water as a by-product.
Thus, due to the increase in KOH the mass of U-tube is also increases. This increased mass of the tube gives the mass of carbon dioxide produced. From its mass, the % of carbon in the Organic compound can be estimated.