10.14 Why is Li_{2}CO_{3} decomposed at a lower temperature whereas Na_{2}CO_{3} at higher temperature?

Answers (1)

As we go down the group the electropositive nature of alkali metals increases. And because of that, there is an increase of stability of carbonates. But carbonates of lithium is not stable because lithium carbonate is covalent. Lithium-ion is smaller in size so it can polarise the negative carbonate ion, leading to the formation of more stable lithium oxide. therefore, Lithium decomposes at the lower temperature while sodium carbonate decomposes at a higher temperature.

Li_{2}CO_{3}\rightarrow LiO_{2}+CO_{2}

                  

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