10.23 Why is LiF almost insoluble in water whereas LiCl soluble not only in water but also in acetone ?

Answers (1)
R Rakesh

Both Li^{+} ion and F^{-} ion are smaller in size. So their size compatibility is very high. Hence lattice energy during formation is very high and it is not overcome by the hydration energy. Therefore LiF is almost insoluble in water. On the other hand, Li^{+}cation and Cl^{-} anion have comparable size differences, therefore they have low lattice energy and because of small in size, lithium ion has high polarising power as a result is distort the electron cloud of chloride anion. As a result, there is some covalent character in LiCl. So, it soluble in water but also in acetone.