Write a short note on the following
(a) Hypertension
(b) Coronary Artery Disease

Answers (1)

(a) Hypertension is increased blood pressure. It is a disorder in which the blood pressure is higher than normal, which is 120/80 mm Hg. The first denomination indicates systolic blood pressure and the lower one is diastolic blood pressure. If the blood pressure is more than 140/90 mm Hg or more, then the person is said to have a blood pressure problem or hypertension. It can have adverse effects on the heart, kidneys, liver and even brain.

(b) Atherosclerosis is related to coronary arteries. It reduces the volume of the blood that is supplied to the cardiac muscles. This condition is also known as coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD can lead to heart attacks and even heart failures.

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