Human Physiology (Weightage 12%)  

Topics from Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption (3 concepts)
  • Alimentary canal and digestive glands (55 concepts)
  • Role of other organs in excretion (5 concepts)
  • Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats (41 concepts)
  • Egestion (1 concepts)
  • Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels (25 concepts)
  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only) (8 concepts)
  • Respiratory system in humans (18 concepts)
  • Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes (40 concepts)
  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood (48 concepts)
  • Human endocrine system-Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads (63 concepts)
  • Skeletal muscle- contractile proteins and muscle contraction (39 concepts)
  • Skeletal system and its functions ; Joints (42 concepts)
  • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and function (39 concepts)
  • Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout (6 concepts)
  • Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus (13 concepts)
  • Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addisons disease) (8 concepts)
  • Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation (23 concepts)
  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves (4 concepts)
  • Urine formation, Osmoregulation (19 concepts)
  • Nervous system in humans-central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system (19 concepts)
  • Generation and conduction of nerve impulse (7 concepts)
  • Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones (6 concepts)
  • Elementary structure and function of eye and ear (25 concepts)
  • Mechanism of hormone action (8 concepts)
  • Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure (4 concepts)
  • Composition of lymph and its function (6 concepts)
  • Reflex action; Sense organs (1 concepts)
  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular (14 concepts)
  • Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis (8 concepts)
  • Dialysis and artificial kidney (4 concepts)
  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones (1 concepts)
  • Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema (2 concepts)
  • Occupational respiratory disorders (1 concepts)

Important Books for Human Physiology

  • Human Physiology Book