A solution containing 1.9g\: \: per\: \: 100mL\: \: of\: \: KCl\left ( M=74.5gmol^{-1} \right ) is isotonic with a solution containing 3g\: per\: 100mL\: \: of\: \: urea\left ( M=60gmol^{-1} \right ). Calculate the degree of dissociation of KCl solution. Assume that both the solutions have same temperature. 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

Answers (1)

For isotonic solutions,

C_{KCl}RT=C_{urea}

\Rightarrow i\times C_{KCl}=C_{urea}

\Rightarrow i\times\frac{1.9\times 1000}{74.5\times 100}=\frac{3}{60}\times\frac{1000}{100}

\Rightarrow i\times 0.25=0.5

\Rightarrow i=2

i=\frac{observed\: colligative\:property}{calculated\:colligative\:property}

KCl\rightarrow \: \: \: \: \: K^+\: \: +\: \: \: Cl^-

0.25                0               0

0.25-\alpha       \alpha              \alpha

Total moles after dissociation = 0.25-\alpha+\alpha +\alpha

                                              =0.25+\alpha

i=\frac{0.25+\alpha}{0.25}\Rightarrow 2=\frac{0.25+\alpha}{0.25}\Rightarrow \alpha=0.25

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