All rules regarding prepositions

Answers (1)

Definition- A preposition is a word placed before a noun, pronoun or noun phrase to show the relation between the person or thing denoted by it and something else mentioned in the sentence. 

For example- 

1-My books are in  my bag.( relation between my bag and books)

2- The man jumped into ??????the river.(relation between the river and jumping)

Rules for prepositions-

A preposition needs an object and this object can be a noun , pronoun, gerund,noun phrase or clause.

* In spring (noun) 

* Tired of waiting(gerund)

For me(pronoun)

* He is afraid of what his teachers might say (noun clause).

Sometimes this object may be an adverb of time or place or an adverb phrase.

* I haven't seen him since then.(then - adverb of time)

From here,my school is 5 minutes drive.(here - adverb of place)

Somebody called me from across the road.(across the road - adv.phrase).

Kinds of Prepositions--

There are four kinds of preposition:

1-Simple prepositions:  at,by,in, from,on,to etc.

2- Compound prepositions: beside, across, inside, within etc.

3-Prepositional phrases: in front of, in case of, in spite of ,by virtue of etc.

4- Participial prepositions: regarding, concerning etc.

 

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