Explain the terms Isotropy and Anisotropy.

Answers (1)

Isotropic materials

An isotropic material is highly formable and may take any shape. Since the properties of its microcomponents are the same in any orientation, its behaviour is also highly predictable. Metals, glasses, most liquids, and polymers are examples of isotropic materials. 

Anisotropic materials

Naturally occurring anisotropic materials are often different kinds of wood and rock. These types of rocks are mostly laminated in structure while woods are naturally reinforced, as seen through the orientations of their fibres. The microstructure in anisotropic materials is usually composed of different layers that are tied together in natural materials or a number of ingredients moulded together. One of the exemplary applications of anisotropic materials is focused on composites.

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