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Q4.    Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems and find their solutions (if they exist) by any algebraic method :

                (v) The area of a rectangle gets reduced by 9 square units, if its length is reduced by 5 units and breadth is increased by 3 units. If we increase the length by 3 units and the breadth by 2 units, the area increases by 67 square units. Find the dimensions of the rectangle.

Let l be the length of the rectangle and b be the width,

Now, According to the question,

(l-5)(b+3)=lb-9

\Rightarrow lb+3l-5b-15=lb-9

\Rightarrow 3l-5b-6=0..........(1)

Also,

(l+3)(b+2)=lb+67

\Rightarrow lb+2l+3b+6=lb+67

\Rightarrow 2l+3b-61=0..........(2)

By Cross multiplication method,

\frac{x}{b_1c_2-b_2c_1}=\frac{y}{c_1a_2-c_2a_1}=\frac{1}{a_1b_2-a_2b_1}

\frac{x}{(-5)(-61)-(3)(-6)}=\frac{y}{(-6)(2)-(-61)(3)}=\frac{1}{(3)(3)-(2)(-5)}

\frac{x}{305+18}=\frac{y}{-12+183}=\frac{1}{9+10}

\frac{x}{323}=\frac{y}{171}=\frac{1}{19}

x=17,\:and\:y=9

Hence the length and width of the rectangle are 17 unit and 9 unit respectively.

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Pankaj Sanodiya

Q4.    Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems and find their solutions (if they exist) by any algebraic method :

                (iv) Places A and B are 100 km apart on a highway. One car starts from A and another from B at the same time. If the cars travel in the same direction at different speeds, they meet in 5 hours. If they travel towards each other, they meet in 1 hour. What are the speeds of the two cars?

Let the speed of the first car is x and the speed of the second car is y.

Let's solve this problem by using relative motion concept,

the relative speed when they are going in the same direction= x - y 

the relative speed when they are going in the opposite direction= x + y

The given relative distance between them = 100 km.

Now, As we know,

Relative distance = Relative speed * time .

So, According to the question,

5\times(x-y)=100

 \Rightarrow 5x-5y=100

\Rightarrow x-y=20.........(1)

Also,

1(x+y)=100

\Rightarrow x+y=100........(2)

Now Adding (1) and (2) we get

2x=120

\Rightarrow x=60

putting this in (1)

60-y=20

\Rightarrow y=60-20

\Rightarrow y=40

Hence the speeds of the cars are 40 km/hour and 60 km/hour.

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Pankaj Sanodiya

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Q4.    Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems and find their solutions (if they exist) by any algebraic method :

                (iii) Yash scored 40 marks in a test, getting 3 marks for each right answer and losing 1 mark for each wrong answer. Had 4 marks been awarded for each correct answer and 2 marks been deducted for each incorrect answer, then Yash would have scored 50 marks. How many questions were there in the test?

Let the number of right answer and wrong answer be x and y respectively 

Now, According to the question,

3x-y=40..........(1)

And

\\4x-2y=50\\\Rightarrow 2x-y=25..........(2)

Now, subtracting (2) from (1) we get,

x=40-25

x=15

Putting this value in (1)

3(15)-y=40

\Rightarrow y=45-40

\Rightarrow y=5

Hence the total number of question is x+y=15+5=20.

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Pankaj Sanodiya

Q4.    Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems and find their solutions (if they exist) by any algebraic method :

                (ii) A fraction becomes \frac{1}{3} when 1 is subtracted from the numerator and it becomes \frac{1}{4} when 8 is added to its denominator. Find the fraction.

Let numerator of a fraction be x and the denominator is y.

Now, According to the question,

\frac{x-1}{y}=\frac{1}{3}

\Rightarrow 3(x-1)=y

\Rightarrow 3x-3=y

\Rightarrow 3x-y=3........(1)

Also,

\frac{x}{y+8}=\frac{1}{4}

\Rightarrow 4x=y+8

\Rightarrow 4x-y=8.........(2)

Now, Subtracting (1) from (2) we get,

4x-3x=8-3

\Rightarrow x=5

Putting this value in (2) we get,

4(5)-y=8

\Rightarrow y=20-8

\Rightarrow y=12

Hence, the fraction is 

\frac{x}{y}=\frac{5}{12}.

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Pankaj Sanodiya

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Q4.    Form the pair of linear equations in the following problems and find their solutions (if they exist) by any algebraic method :

                (i) A part of monthly hostel charges is fixed and the remaining depends on the number of days one has taken food in the mess. When a student A takes food for 20 days she has to pay Rs 1000 as hostel charges whereas a student B, who takes food for 26 days, pays Rs 1180 as hostel charges. Find the fixed charges and the cost of food per day.

Let the fixed charge be x and the cost of food per day is y,

Now, According to the question 

x+20y=1000.........(1)

Also

x+26y=1180.........(2)

Now subtracting (1) from (2), 

x+26y-x-20y=1180-100

\Rightarrow 6y=180

\Rightarrow y=30

Putting this value in (1)

x+20(30)=1000

\Rightarrow x=1000-600

\Rightarrow x=400

Hence, the Fixed charge is Rs 400 and the cost of food per day is Rs 30.

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Posted by

Pankaj Sanodiya

Q3.    Solve the following pair of linear equations by the substitution and cross-multiplication methods :
                \\8x + 5y = 9 \\3x + 2y = 4

X=-2

y=5

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Manu

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Q2.    (ii) For which value of k will the following pair of linear equations have no solution?

                \\3x + y = 1 \\(2k - 1) x + (k - 1) y = 2k + 1

Given, the equations,

\\3x + y = 1 \\(2k - 1) x + (k - 1) y = 2k + 1

As we know, the condition for equations a_1x+b_1y+c_1=0\:and\:a_2x+b_2y+c_2=0  to have no solution is

\frac{a_1}{a_2}=\frac{b_1}{b_2}\neq\frac{c_1}{c_2}

So, Comparing these equations with, a_1x+b_1y+c_1=0\:and\:a_2x+b_2y+c_2=0, we get

\frac{3}{2k-1}=\frac{1}{k-1}\neq\frac{1}{2k+1}

From here we get,

\frac{3}{2k-1}=\frac{1}{k-1}

\Rightarrow 3(k-1)=2k-1

\Rightarrow 3k-3=2k-1

\Rightarrow 3k-2k=3-1

\Rightarrow k=2

Hence, the value of K is 2.

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Posted by

Pankaj Sanodiya

Q2.    (i) For which values of a and b does the following pair of linear equations have an infinite number of solutions?
                \\2x + 3y = 7 \\(a - b) x + (a + b) y = 3a + b - 2

Given     equations,

\\2x + 3y = 7 \\(a - b) x + (a + b) y = 3a + b - 2

As we know, the condition for equations a_1x+b_1y+c_1=0\:and\:a_2x+b_2y+c_2=0  to have an infinite solution is

\frac{a_1}{a_2}=\frac{b_1}{b_2}=\frac{c_1}{c_2}

So, Comparing these equations with, a_1x+b_1y+c_1=0\:and\:a_2x+b_2y+c_2=0, we get

\frac{2}{a-b}=\frac{3}{a+b}=\frac{7}{3a+b-2}

From here we get,

\frac{2}{a-b}=\frac{3}{a+b}

\Rightarrow 2(a+b)=3(a-b)

\Rightarrow 2a+2b=3a-3b

\Rightarrow a-5b=0.........(1)

Also,

\frac{2}{a-b}=\frac{7}{3a+b-2}

\Rightarrow 2(3a+b-2)=7(a-b)

\Rightarrow 6a+2b-4=7a-7b

\Rightarrow a-9b+4=0...........(2)

Now, Subtracting (2) from (1) we get

\Rightarrow 4b-4=0

\Rightarrow b=1

Substituting this value in (1) 

\Rightarrow a-5(1)=0

\Rightarrow a=5

Hence, a=5\:and\:b=1.

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Pankaj Sanodiya

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Q1.    Which of the following pairs of linear equations has unique solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions. In case there is a unique solution, find it by using cross multiplication method.

                (iv)    \\x - 3y -7 = 0\\ 3x -3y -15 =0

Given the equations,

\\x - 3y -7 = 0.........(1)\\ 3x -3y -15 =0........(2)

Comparing these equations with a_1x+b_1y+c_1=0\:and\:a_2x+b_2y+c_2=0, we get

\frac{a_1}{a_2}=\frac{1}{3}

\frac{b_1}{b_2}=\frac{-3}{-3}=1

\frac{c_1}{c_2}=\frac{-7}{-15}=\frac{7}{15}

As we can see, 

\frac{a_1}{a_2}\neq\frac{b_1}{b_2}\neq\frac{c_1}{c_2}

Hence, the pair of equations has exactly one solution.

By Cross multiplication method,

\frac{x}{b_1c_2-b_2c_1}=\frac{y}{c_1a_2-c_2a_1}=\frac{1}{a_1b_2-a_2b_1}

\frac{x}{(-3)(-15)-(-3)(-7)}=\frac{y}{(-7)(3)-(-15)(1)}=\frac{1}{(1)(-3)-(3)(-3)}

\frac{x}{45-21}=\frac{y}{-21+15}=\frac{1}{-3+9}

\frac{x}{24}=\frac{y}{-6}=\frac{1}{6}

x=\frac{24}{6}=4,\:and\:y=-1

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Pankaj Sanodiya

Q1.    Which of the following pairs of linear equations has unique solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions. In case there is a unique solution, find it by using cross multiplication method.

                (iii)    \\3x -5 y = 20\\ 6x - 10y = 40

Given The equations,

\\3x -5 y = 20..........(1)\\ 6x - 10y = 40........(2)

Comparing these equations with a_1x+b_1y+c_1=0\:and\:a_2x+b_2y+c_2=0, we get

\frac{a_1}{a_2}=\frac{3}{6}=\frac{1}{2}

\frac{b_1}{b_2}=\frac{-5}{-10}=\frac{1}{2}

\frac{c_1}{c_2}=\frac{20}{40}=\frac{1}{2}

As we can see, 

\frac{a_1}{a_2}=\frac{b_1}{b_2}=\frac{c_1}{c_2}

Hence, the pair of equations has infinitely many solutions.

 

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Pankaj Sanodiya

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