When HCl reacts with finely powdered iron, it forms ferrous chloride and not ferric chloride. Why?

Answers (1)

Fe reacts with HCl to form FeCl? and H?  

                  Fe + 2 HCl ---> FeCl? + H?                    

H? (reducing agent) thus liberated prevents the oxidation of FeCl? to FeCl?.

 

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