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Assertion: The rumen of ruminants contains billions of microorganisms.

Reason: These microorganisms help break down cellulose and other tough plant material in the rumen.

Option: 1

Assertion and reason are both true, and reason is a correct explanation of assertion.

Option: 2

Both assertion and reason are accurate, but reason does not correctly explain the assertion.

Option: 3

The assertion is correct, but the reasoning is incorrect.

Option: 4

Both the assertion and reason are incorrect.

Answers (1)


This assertion and reason are both true. The rumen of ruminants is a large fermentation chamber that houses billions of microorganisms, including bacteria, protozoa, and fungi. These microorganisms play a crucial role in the digestion of plant material, breaking down cellulose and other complex carbohydrates into simpler compounds that can be absorbed by the animal. The microorganisms also produce important nutrients, such as B vitamins and essential amino acids, that the animal can utilize.

Therefore, the reason explains why the assertion is true, and both the assertion and the reason are accurate.Option 1 is the correct answer.


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