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Which of the following is a use of \mathrm{BeCl_{2}} ?

Option: 1

Production of hydrogen gas

Option: 2

Manufacturing of semiconductors

Option: 3

Preparation of hydrochloric acid

Option: 4

Production of fertilizers

Answers (1)


BeCl2 is used in the manufacturing of semiconductors and electronic devices, such as transistors and diodes. It is also used as a precursor for the production of beryllium metal and as a reagent in organic chemistry.

  • Beryllium chloride (\mathrm{BeCl_{2}}) is a colorless, hygroscopic, and covalent compound. Here are some of its uses:

    • \mathrm{BeCl_{2}} is widely used as a precursor for the production of beryllium metal and various beryllium compounds.

    • \mathrm{BeCl_{2}}  is also used as a Lewis acid catalyst in organic chemistry reactions, particularly in Friedel-Crafts acylation and alkylation.

    • \mathrm{BeCl_{2}} is an effective dopant in the semiconductor industry, where it is used to modify the electrical and optical properties of semiconductor materials.

    • \mathrm{BeCl_{2}} is used in the production of various types of glass, including radiation shielding glass, military optics, and X-ray tubes.

    • \mathrm{BeCl_{2}} is also used as a reagent in various analytical techniques, such as inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), for the detection and quantification of trace elements.

    • \mathrm{BeCl_{2}} has been studied for its potential use as a fuel for rocket propulsion due to its high energy content and low molecular weight.

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Kuldeep Maurya

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