10.13      Give the uses of freon 12, DDT, carbon tetrachloride and iodoform.

Answers (1)

(i)   Freon-12 or dichlorodifluoromethane is generally known as CFC. It is used in refrigerators and air conditioners as a refrigerant. It is also used in body sprays, hair sprays, etc. But it has environmental impacts as it damages the ozone layer.

(ii)  DDT or p, p-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane is one of the best-known insecticides which was used very widely all over the world. It is very effective against mosquitoes, insects and lice. But it has harmful effects.

(iii)  CCl :-   It is mostly used for manufacturing refrigerants for refrigerators and air conditioners.  It is also used as a solvent in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products. In the early years, carbon tetrachloride was widely used as a cleaning fluid and a fire extinguisher.

(iv) Iodoform was used earlier as an antiseptic. And this antiseptic property of iodoform is due to the liberation of free iodine when it comes in contact with the skin.

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