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Q. 7.     How can ethanol and ethanoic acid be differentiated on the basis of their physical and chemical properties?

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Physical Properties

Ethanol Ethanoic acid

It has a pleasant smell.

It has a pungent smell of vinegar.

It has a low boiling point : 351 K.

It has a comparatively high boiling point: 391 K.

Chemical Properties:

Ethanol Ethanoic acid

It has no action on litmus paper.

It turns blue litmus to red.

no reaction with NaHCO_3

Liberates CO_2 when reacted with NaHCO_3

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