13.13     How will you convert benzene into

       (iii)       p - nitrotoluene

Answers (1)
M manish

Alkylation of benzene gives in the presence of anhydrous aluminium chloride give methylbenzene and HCl. When methylbenzene reacts with conc. nitric acid and sulphuric acid gives a mixture of para and ortho product of nitrotoluene, which on distillation gives p-nitrotoluene.

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