Q

# How will you convert benzene into (iii) p- nitrotoluene

13.13     How will you convert benzene into

(iii)       p - nitrotoluene

Alkylation of benzene gives in the presence of anhydrous aluminium chloride give methylbenzene and $HCl$. When methylbenzene reacts with conc. nitric acid and sulphuric acid gives a mixture of para and ortho product of nitrotoluene, which on distillation gives $p$-nitrotoluene.