Q: 8.10 In the following two exercises, choose the correct answer from among the given ones: The gravitational intensity at the centre of a hemispherical shell of uniform mass density has the direction indicated by the arrow (see Fig 8.12) (i) a, (ii) b, (iii) c, (iv) 0 


Answers (1)

We know that the gravitational potential (V) in a sphere is constant throughout. Also, the gravitational intensity will act in the downward direction as its upper half is cut (gravitational force will also act in a downward direction). Hence the required direction of gravitational intensity is shown by arrow C.