5. In which way have microbes played a major role in controlling diseases caused by harmful bacteria?
Role of microbes in controlling diseases caused by harmful bacteria
Microbes are used to produce antibiotics. The antibiotics are chemical substances that are obtained from microorganisms and that kill other microorganisms like bacteria. The first antibiotic was penicillin and it was obtained from fungus Penicillium notatum. Penicillin acts by degrading the cell wall of bacteria