Q. 10.     What are the environmental consequences of the increasing demand for energy? What steps would you suggest to reduce energy consumption?

Answers (1)

Some of the environmental consequences of the ever-increasing demand for energy are the following:

(i) Combustion of fossil fuels is causing air pollution, acid rain and global warming.

(ii) Buiding of hydropower plants disturbs the ecological balance of the water bodies and aquatic organisms.

(iii) The ever increasing demand of firewood has severely decreased the forest area causing global warming.

(iv) Use of nuclear sources poses the risk of radioactivity caused by nuclear waste.

Some of the steps that could be taken to reduce energy consumption are.

(i) Switching off the lights, fans, air-conditioners etc. when not in use.

(ii) Using efficient electrical appliances.

(iii) Using a bicycle or public mode of transport to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels.

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