Q. 6. What is an homologous series? Explain with an example.
A series of carbon compounds having different numbers of carbon atoms but have the same functional group substituting the hydrogen atom is known as a homologous series.
For example, methane, ethane, propane, butane, etc. constitute the alkane homologous series. The general formula for alkanes is .
Methane ; Ethane ; Propane and so on.