15. What is meant by emasculation? When and why does a plant breeder employ this technique?
The process of removal of anthers from the flower with the help of forceps without affecting the female reproductive parts is called emasculation. This technique is used by plant breeders to allow suggestive breeding between plants in order to produce plants with desired seeds. Hence, it can be used to prevent self-pollination or prevent cross-pollination according to the need of the breeder.