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What properties of water make it useful as a solvent? What types of compound can it dissolve and hydrolyse?

9.29 What properties of water make it useful as a solvent? What types of a compound can it (i) dissolve, and (ii) hydrolyze? 

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R Rakesh

Water has high dielectric constant (78.4 C^{2}/Nm^{2}) and dipole moment which makes it universal solvent. It dissolves the most ionic as well as covalent compounds. [ionic compound because of ion-dipole interaction and covalent due to their tendency to form a hydrogen bond with water.] Water is also able to hydrolyze the metallic and non-metallic oxides, hydrides and nitrides, etc.

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