Explain the following termsa)scattering b)scattering angle c)scattering centre d)factors influencing scattering

Answers (1)

When energy waves (such as light, sound, and various electromagnetic waves) are caused to depart from a straight path due to imperfections in the medium, it is called scattering. A great example of basic scattering is to think of the sun shining on you through a thin cover of clouds.

Scattering depends on the

1. Refractive index of the medium.

2. Polarisation of light

3.Intensity of light 

 

Scattering depends on factors like the size of the particles, wavelength of light, humidity, medium etc 

 

Scattering angle is the angle at which a light beam is deflected by a particle when it comes in contact with it.

 

The types of non-uniformities in an medium or object which can cause scattering, sometimes known as scatterers or scattering centers, Examples of Scattering centers are vacancy defects; interstitial defects; inclusions, such as a gas molecules

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