What is a neutralisation reaction? Give two examples.

Answers (1)

A reaction in which an acid and base react with each other to give a salt and water is known as neutralization reaction. That is:

Acid + Base 
ightarrow Salt + Water

For example:

(i) Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) reacts with hydrochloric acid (HCl) to form sodium chloride (NaCl) and water:

NaOH + HCl 
ightarrow NaCl + H_2O

(ii) Magnesium hydroxide reacts with hydrochloric acid to form magnesium chloride and water:

Mg(OH)_2+2HCl 
ightarrow MgCl_2+2H_2O

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