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Why are lysosomes also known as “scavengers of the cells”?

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Lysosomes are the membrane-bound organelles that play a crucial role in the waste disposal process of the cell.

Lysosomes are sac-like structures filled with digestive enzymes.

 Lysosomes digest the foreign substances that end up in lysosomes such as bacteria, food material and sometimes the worn-out cell organelles.

The digestive enzyme of the lysosomes catalyzes the digestion reactions

Sometimes the metabolic activities of the cell is disturbed and hence it causes the damaging of the cell. This damaged cell is also digested by the lysosomes. Thus, lysosomes are also known as ‘ scavengers of the cell’.

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