Describe various forms of lipid with a few examples.

Answers (1)

Solution:
Lipids are classified into three categories:

1. Simple lipids: - Simple lipids are the esters of fatty acids and can be further divided into: -

- Waxes: - Esters of high fatty acids with alcohol.
- Fats: - Eaters of higher fatty acids with glycerol.
For example Triglycerol etc.

2. Compound lipids: - Compound lipids are those lipids that contain other groups as well in addition to alcohol and glycerol. They can be further categorised into: -

  1.  Sphingo Lipids
  2.  Glycerophospholids
  3.  Glycolipids

For example: Cephalin, Gangliosides etc.

3. Derivatives lipids: - When lipids consist of hydrocarbon ring and the long chain of hydrocarbons they are called derivatives
For Examples: Steroids, Cholesterol etc.

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