10.12 Discuss the various reactions that occur in the Solvay process.

Answers (1)
R Rakesh

Solvay process is used to prepare sodium carbonate. Reactions occurs in solvay process are -

  1. 2NH_{3}+H_{2}O\rightarrow (NH_{4})_{2}CO_{3}
  2. (NH_{4})_{2}CO_{3}+H_{2}O+CO_{2}\rightarrow 2NH_{4}HCO_{3}
  3. NH_{4}HCO_{3}+NaCl\rightarrow NaHCO_{3}+NH_{4}Cl
  4. 2NaHCO_{3}\rightarrow Na_{2}CO_{3}+CO_{2}+H_{2}O

 

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