Enlist the conclusions drawn by Rutherford from his \alpha-ray scattering experiment.

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Answer:

The conclusions drawn by Rutherford from his \alpha-ray scattering experiment are :

Since most of the \alpha-particles passed undeviated through the gold foil, the majority of the space occupied by the matter is vacuum (empty).

Some of the α-particles were deflected by the foil by small angles which indicated that the positive charge of the atom occupies very little space. He named these positively charged particle as “nucleus“.

All the positive charge and mass of the gold atom were concentrated in a very small volume within the atom. The nucleus must also be very heavy.

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