Match the following gas laws with the equation representing them.

(i) Boyle’s law

(ii) Charle’s law

(iii) Dalton’s law

(iv) Avogadro law

 

(a) V ∝ n at constant T and p

(b) pTotal = p1 + p2 + p+…… at constant T, V

(c) PV/T = Constant

(d) V ∝ T at constant n and p

(e) p ∝ 1/V at constant n and T

 

Answers (1)

(i) →(e); (ii) →(d); (iii) →(b); (iv) →(a)

Explanation:

(i) pressure of gas α 1/volume of gas (T constant) ….. (Boyle's law)

(ii) The volume of gas α temperature of the gas, at constant pressure …… (Charles's law)

(iii) At constant V and T, the total pressure of the gaseous mixture of two or more non-reacting gases is equal to the algebraic sum of their partial pressures ……. (Dalton's law)

(iv) Under same temperature and pressure conditions, equal volumes of all gases contain equal no. of moles. V α n. ……. (Avogadro's law)

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