2.65 The unpaired electrons in Al and Si are present in 3p orbital. Which electrons will experience more effective nuclear charge from the nucleus?
Nuclear charge is defined as the net positive charge experienced by an electron in the orbital of an atom exerted by the nucleus of the atom.
Silicon has a greater nuclear charge than aluminium .
Hence, the effective nuclear charge exerted on the unpaired 3p electron of silicon would be greater as compared to that of aluminium.
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